Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing (epiphany) of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;  Titus 2:13

CHAPTER VI.

 

THE SMALL PARALLELS OF JUDAH'S AND

ISRAEL'S KINGS.

 

GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS, EARLIER KINGS OF ISRAEL. EARLIER KINGS OF JUDAH. THE MIDDLE KINGS OF JUDAH. THE LATER KINGS OF ISRAEL. THE LATER KINGS OF JUDAH. THE LITTLE JEREMIAH.

 

"BROTHER Rutherford, I know you; I know you like a book; I know not only what you have done [officially from Nov. 3, 1916, to June 23, 1917, when this remark was made], but I also know what you will do [officially from June 23 to Aug. 8, 1917]." This remark J. made to J.F.R. at Bethel the morning of June 23, 1917, in the course of a conversation in which, among other things, J. pleaded with J.F.R. to cease from his power-grasping usurpations and lordings, the causes of the trouble among the leaders at Bethel. To that statement he replied with a question, "How do you know it?" J. answered, "Three books of the Bible and parts of others give an accurate description of your official acts [from Nov. 3, 1916, to Aug. 8, 1917]." Thereupon he asked J., "What books are they?" J. replied, "I decline to tell you." Nor did he tell him. He did tell the five Directors and F.H. McGee of the pertinent books and expounded to them some of their pertinent past and future features, among others, that on July 19 J.F.R. would meet a complete defeat by a lawyer on legal (secular) grounds, which occurred before the Philadelphia Church during a debate between J.F.R. and F.H. McGee, at that time an assistant to N.J.'s attorney general, and that on Aug. 8 J.F.R. would be brought under control. Beforehand J. had thought that the controlling agency would be the five Board members, while it actually occurred as a consequence of four of them being expelled from Bethel that day, which resulted in J.F.R., thereby no longer restrained by the Divinely-approved Board, falling completely that day under

 

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the control of Azazel; for on that day these (unconsciously) abandoned him to Azazel. The three books in question are 1, 2 Kings and 2 Chronicles, in their parts following Solomon's death, reinforced by parts of Isaiah and Jeremiah and a very small part of Daniel.

 

In The Present Truth, beginning with the Dec., 1940, issue, there appeared a serial article on The Large Parallels of Judah's and Israel's Kings. In the first installment of that article a reconciliation was made between the chronologies of the kings of Israel and those of the kings of Judah, as necessary to work out the details of the 2520 years' parallels, i.e., those from 1000 to 607 B.C., on the one hand, and those from 1521 to 1914 A.D., on the other hand. In that article it was shown that while for the harmony of these chronologies in the 2520 years' parallel those of the kings of Israel had to be adjusted to those of the kings of Judah, no such adjustment is required between the two sets of chronologies for the small, the Epiphany, parallel—for it was actually fulfilled in its British feature in exact harmony with the chronologies of Israel's kings as these are expressly given in 1, 2 Kings, and in its American feature in exact harmony with the chronologies of Judah's kings— and that the Lord evidently gave the years in the reigns of Israel's kings as He did in 1, 2 Kings in order to fix the dated events for the little parallel as He desired them to be fulfilled, the differences for the lengths of Israel's kings in the two parallels being due to God's marking the dates of certain events near the beginnings and endings of those reigns as their beginnings and endings for purposes of the Epiphany parallel. Thus in no sense is there a contradiction in these apparent differences in the lengths of the reigns of Israel's kings.

 

The British feature of this small parallel began to operate Oct. 16, 1916, the date that the fixed refusal of the seven non-signatory elders of the London Tabernacle to sign the resolution that the eleven had signed became clear to H.J. Shearn and W. Crawford (henceforth to be designated

 

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by their initials); and it ended April 1, 1917, the day that J. Hemery (henceforth to be designated by his initials) denounced the Board's commissioner and his benefactor, J., before the London Tabernacle, and the day that J.'s steamer left Liverpool for America. The American feature also of the small parallel began to work Oct. 16, 1916, just after Bro. Russell, before leaving Bethel the last time, through which he finally relinquished his personal control at headquarters, failed to reconcile A.H. MacMillan, his headquarters' special representative and manager, and J.F. Rutherford, on the one hand, and H.C. Rockwell, on the other hand (to all of whom henceforth we will refer by their initials); and it ended Aug. 8, 1917, when J.F.R. drove the valid Society Directors away from Bethel. The fulfilled facts prove the operation of certain features which require some explanation: Generally speaking, a year in the chronology of Israel's and Judah's kings from 1000 to 607 B.C. stands for a day in the small parallel. We just said that generally speaking such is the case. Fulfilled facts show that there are two modifications to this rule.

 

The first of these modifications is this: the last year of a king's reign and the first year of his successor's reign count in the small parallel as covering one day only, e.g., the last full year of Rehoboam's reign and the first full year of his successor's (Abijah's) reign in the small fulfillment find their counterpart in but one, not in two, days, i.e., Nov. 1, 1916. This is in harmony with the Hebrew custom on giving date matters, e.g., Hebrews count a period that begins late Friday afternoon and ends early Sunday morning as three days, as can be seen in the case of our Lord's resurrection in three days, whereas actually he was dead only about 39 hours, not 72 hours. This Hebrew method of counting, so different from ours, enables us to reconcile the statement of two of the evangelists, one of whom says in the Hebrew manner that the transfiguration occurred on the eighth day after Jesus forecast it,

 

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and the other of whom states in the Greek manner that it was after six days. Another example illustrative of this Hebrew way of counting is seen in counting from the 7th to the 9th year of Hoshea's reign 3 years (2 K. 18: 9, 10), whereas our way of counting makes them 2 years. This way of counting will therefore make in the small parallel as many days less than the 293 days for the years from 1000 to 607 B.C. as there were to Rehoboam successors who reigned at least one year in Judah.

 

The second modification consists in this fact: that in order to show the double mindedness and thus the Great Companyship of certain ones acting as the small parallels of certain of Judah's and Israel's kings, there is a double covering of certain periods of days by two character aspects of J.F.R. in the little parallel of certain of Judah's kings and by two character aspects of J.H. in the little parallel of Israel's kings. As said above, this is done to bring out synchronous periods in which the two parts of their double mindedness worked predominantly in certain acts during those periods as these features of double mindedness were typed by different kings, e.g., the synchronous days of J.H.'s double minded acts are brought out in days corresponding to the years of the reigns of certain of Israel's kings, the years of the first three of these kings corresponding to the days in which, generally speaking, the good part of J.H.'s mind worked, and the years of the next five kings and part of the years of the sixth king, generally speaking, corresponding to the days in which the evil part of J.H.'s mind worked, the latter set of days covering the same days as the first set of days, i.e., the days from Jan. 14 to March 13, 1917, in which, generally speaking, the good part of J.H.'s mind worked, correspond to the years of Jehu's, Jehoahaz's and Jehoash's reigns; and these days are the same as the days typed by the years covered by the reigns of Jeroboam II, Zachariah, Shallum, Menahem and Pekahiah and by a part of Pekiah's reign, through which

 

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days, generally speaking, the bad part of his mind worked. The fulfilled facts show this to be true. The same synchronous phenomenon appears in the double mindedness of J.F.R.: for the days from Jan. 6 to March 27, 1917, generally speaking, correspond to the years of the Judah kings Jehoram, Ahaziah, (Queen) Athaliah, Joash and Amaziah from the standpoint, generally speaking, of certain bad traits of J.F.R.'s double mind working; and the same days, generally speaking, correspond to the years of Judah kings Uzziah, Jotham and all the years except the last of Ahaz, during which days, generally speaking, the good part of J.F.R.'s double mind worked. The fulfilled facts prove this point to be true. With both J.H. and J.F.R. the good mind passes over into the bad mind in the last ones of the two good sets of kings—Jehoash and Ahaz. These two modifications must be kept in mind, if we are to see daylight in this matter.

 

It might here be in place to show how early in March, 1917, this matter began to open up to J. Having in Feb., 1917, explained to a number of the London Bethel brethren the small antitype of the building of Jerusalem's walls in 52 days by Nehemiah, among which brethren was E. Housden, the latter asked J. whether the fact that Uzziah's 52 years of reigning (2 Chron. 26: 3) were not in some way related to the 52 days occupied in building Jerusalem's walls. J. replied that he thought not, but the question set him to thinking, inasmuch as he noted that just as Uzziah busybodied in the priests' work by offering incense, so J.F.R. busybodied in the work of J. and other priests in England. He further noted the fact that, just as Uzziah had reigned 52 years, so it was exactly 52 days from J.F.R.'s election to be president of the Society, Jan. 6, 1917, to the date that J. received from J.H. J.F.R.'s "absolutely without authority" cable at Liverpool, England, Feb. 26, 1917, the date that J.F.R. sent J. the recall cable, the sending of which brought to a climax J.F.R.'s power-grasping course as to the Board and J., since

 

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it usurpatorially presumed to set aside the authority of the Board as to J.'s British and European mission, which with some of J.F.R.'s previous pertinent acts was gross busybodying in the work of priests, to whose number he no longer belonged. J. was strongly impressed by these correspondencies and, therefore, began to study the whole matter of Israel's and Judah's kings carefully from this standpoint. The question arose in his mind, Can it be that there is operating a small parallel in which a day stands for a year in the large parallel, i.e., in the 2520 years' parallel in its first member, 1000 to 607 B.C.? Reasoning that if there was such a small parallel operating, it must have begun with Bro. Russell's last exercise of his Bethel powers, which occurred Oct. 16, 1916, the day he last left Bethel alive, and the day he left matters at Brooklyn in the charge of A.H.M., his personal representative and manager at headquarters. J. further noted that the controversy among the London Tabernacle elders came to a stalemate Oct. 16, 1916, over the matter of the usurpatory and revolutionary resolution and its pertinent correspondence, as was explained in EF and EG, Chapters I, and that from that date H.J.S. became the leader of the revolutionists. The above-mentioned date and events at Brooklyn and London, with the correspondence of the events for the next five months, convinced J. of the fact of such a small parallel operating and of the two above-mentioned modifications. Then he recognized the wisdom of God in withholding the knowledge of such a parallel operating until after the second modification was in its American and British operation almost over; for this modification in its American feature required the death of the little parallel's Jehoshaphat and the accession to the throne of its Jehoram and its Uzziah to occur Jan. 6; and a consideration of these facts and the facts of the death of the little parallel's Jehoram and the accession of its Jehu and Jeroboam II on Jan. 14, 1917, forced on his attention the second modification, as the various reigns'

 

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endings and beginnings forced upon his attention the first modification. Had this matter come to mind, say in Dec., 1916, J. would have had a very baffling puzzle to solve. As it was, the solution of the matter was easy from the main facts of the case.

 

If the author were to write on each verse of 1 and 2 Kings and of 2 Chronicles involved in the little parallel even as condensedly as he has written on the large parallels involved in the same Scriptures, it would make this chapter between 250 and 300 pages—a thing that the spirit of a sound mind forbids as disproportionate, considering other chapters that are to form parts of this book. Moreover, even such condensed details would doubtless be too great a trial on the patience of its readers. Accordingly, he has decided to touch briefly on the more important features of the small parallel in both its American and British phases, but in all cases the things in the two phases, merely alluded to, will be summarized so that the reader who is so disposed can put in the details, if he is acquainted with the pertinent facts. Just as the reigns of Rehoboam and Jeroboam I began in the same year, and that only a few days apart, in 1000 B.C., so, as shown above, in the small parallel the ascendancy of A.H.M., the small parallel of Rehoboam, and H.J.S., the small parallel of Jeroboam I, began the same day, Oct. 16, 1916, in the events indicated in the preceding paragraph. This date, Oct. 16, 1916, the day on which the Parousia ceased to lap into the Epiphany, as it had been doing for 25 months, i.e., from Sept. 16, 1914, the date of the last Spirit-begettal, signalized by the Parousia Messenger's ceasing to function as such at headquarters, which he left the last time that day, is, as fitting for the first sole Epiphany day, the day on which the little parallel began to operate. And the object of this little parallel is to show the events by which the Mahlite Merarite leaders in America and Britain would be manifested as such and fall into Azazel's hands, and to show the events

 

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by which the Libnite Gershonite leaders in Britain would be manifested as such and fall into Azazel's hands. And while it was not until a year later that the Shimite Gershonites were to undergo the same set of experiences, and while, therefore, they do not come as such under the compass of the small parallel's days, it is yet not without significance that Oct. 16, 1916, witnessed the irreconcilable attitudes of A.H.M., the Divinely-chosen leader of the American Mahlite Merarites, who was displaced as such by the usurping J.F.R., and H.C.R., the Divinely-chosen leader of the American Shimite Gershonites, who was displaced as such by the usurping I.F. Hoskins; for it was Bro. Russell's last work at Bethel to attempt a reconciliation between A.H.M. and H.C.R., J.F.R. also being involved in the quarrel between the two, taking A.H.M.'s side against H.C.R.

 

Believing that a bird's-eye view of the beginning and ending dates in the small parallels will be helpful to a better understanding of such details as will later be given, these will here be presented as a summary, giving the years of the kings of Judah and the days of the little parallels first, and that in parallel columns, and then the years of Israel's kings and the days in the little parallels afterwards, and that in parallel columns.

 

JUDAH'S KINGS                  LITTLE PARALLEL'S

                                             KINGS

 

Rehoboam, 17 yrs.               A.H.M.,

(2 Chron. 12: 13)                  Oct. 16 to Nov. 1, 1916

Abijah,           3 yrs.              W.E.V.,

(2 Chron. 13: 2)                    Nov. 1 to Nov. 3,     "

Asa,             41 yrs.              J.F.R.,

(2 Chron. 16: 13)                  Nov. 3 to Dec. 13,  "

Jehoshaphat, 25 yrs.            J.F.R.,

(2 Chron. 20: 31)                  Dec. 13 to Jan. 6, 1917

Jehoram,        8 yrs.             J.F.R.,

(2 Chron. 21: 20)                  Jan. 6 to Jan. 13,   "

Ahaziah,         1 yr.               J.F.R.,

(2 Chron. 22: 2)                    Jan. 13 to Jan. 13, "

Athaliah,         7 yrs.             The J.F.R. party,

(2 Chron. 22: 12; 13: 1)        Jan. 13 to Jan. 19, "

 

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Joash,       40 yrs.                 J.F.R.,

(2 Chron. 24: 1)                    Jan. 19 to Feb. 27, "

Amaziah,  29 yrs.                 J.F.R.,

(2 Chron. 25: 1)                    Feb. 27 to Mar. 27, "

                                             Note the doubling of

                                             the days to Mar. 27.

Uzziah,     52 yrs.                  J.F.R.,

(2 Chron. 26: 3)                    Jan. 6 to Feb. 26, 1917

Jotham,    16 yrs.                 J.F.R.,

(2 Chron. 27: 1)                    Feb. 26 to Mar. 13,  "

Ahaz,        16 yrs.                 J.F.R.,

(2 Chron. 28: 1)                    Mar. 13 to Mar. 28,  "

Hezekiah, 29 yrs.                 J.F.R.,

(2 Chron. 29: 1)                    Mar. 28 to Apr. 25,  "

Manasseh, 55 yrs.                J.F.R.,

(2 Chron. 33: 1)                     Apr. 25 to June 18, "

Amon,          2 yrs.                J.F.R.,

(2 Chron. 33: 21)                  June 18 to June 19, "

Josiah,       31 yrs.                J.F.R.,

(2 Chron. 34: 1)                    June 19 to July 19,  "

Jehoahaz,     ¼ yr.                J.F.R.,

(2 Chron. 36: 1)                    July 19 to July 19,   "

Jehoiakim 11 yrs.                  J.F.R.,

(2 Chron. 36: 5)                    July 19 to July 29,   "

Jehoiakin,     ¼+ yr.               J.F.R.,

(2 Chron. 36: 9)                    July 29 to July 29,   "

Zedekiah, 11 yrs.                  J.F.R.,

(2 Chron. 36: 11)                  July 29 to Aug. 8,    "

 

ISRAEL'S KINGS                 LITTLE PARALLEL'S

                                             KINGS

 

Jeroboam, 22 yrs.                H.J.S.,

(1 Kings 14: 20)                   Oct. 16 to Nov. 6, 1916

Nadab,        2 yrs.                H.J.S.,

(1 Kings 15: 25)                   Nov. 6 to Nov. 7,     "

Baasha,     24 yrs.                H.J.S.,

(1 Kings 15: 33)                    Nov. 7 to Nov. 30,   "

Elah,            2 yrs.                H.J.S.,

(1 Kings 16: 8)                     Nov. 30 to Dec. 1,   "

Zimri,           7 days              H.J.S.,

(1 Kings 16: 15)                   Dec. 1 to Dec. 1,     "

Omri,         12 yrs.                H.J.S.,

(1 Kings 16: 23)                   Dec. 1 to Dec. 12,   "

 

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Ahab,         22 yrs.                H.J.S.,

(1 Kings 16: 29)                   Dec. 12 to Jan. 2, 1917

Ahaziah,      2 yrs.                H.J.S.,

(1 Kings 22: 51)                   Jan. 2 to Jan. 3,       "

Jehoram,   12 yrs.                H.J.S.,

(2 Kings 3: 1)                       Jan. 3 to Jan. 14,     "

Jehu,         28 yrs.                J.H.,

(2 Kings 10: 36)                   Jan. 14 to Feb. 10,   "

Jehoahaz, 17 yrs.                J.H.,

(2 Kings 13: 1)                     Feb. 10 to Feb. 26,   "

Jehoash,   16 yrs.                J.H.,

(2 Kings 13: 10)                   Feb. 26 to Mar. 13,   "

                                             Note the doubling of

                                             the days.

Jeroboam,41 yrs.                 J.H.,

(2 Kings 14: 23)                   Jan. 14 to Feb. 23, 1917

Zachariah,    ½ yr.                J.H.,

(2 Kings 15: 8)                     Feb. 23 to Feb. 23,    "

Shallum,       1/12 yr.            J.H.,

(2 Kings 15: 13)                   Feb. 23 to Feb. 23,    "

Menahem,10 yrs.                 J.H.,

(2 Kings 15: 17)                   Feb. 23 to Mar. 4,      "

Pekahiah,   2 yrs.                 J.H.,

(2 Kings 15: 23)                   Mar. 4 to Mar. 5,        "

Pekah,      20 yrs.                 J.H.,

(2 Kings 15: 27)                   Mar. 5 to Mar. 24,      "

Hoshea,      9 yrs.                 J.H.,

(2 Kings 17: 1)                     Mar. 24 to Apr. 1,       "

 

The matters stated in the events of Judah's and Israel's kings find their parallels in events of the little parallel in the minutest details, but, as stated above, to give all of these details would not only not serve the author's present purpose, but would interfere with it, since it would prevent his readers from seeing the woods for the trees. It will be noted that the ones represented in the small parallel by the kings of Judah are A.H.M., W.E.V. and J.F.R., indeed, the latter almost exclusively, though in one case he and his party are represented by a queen, and that the ones represented in the small parallel by Israel's kings are H.J.S. and J.H. In the American phase of the small parallel usually J. is represented by the prophets who prophesied

 

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in Judah and in the British phase of the small parallel J. is usually represented by the prophets who prophesied in Israel, though often his British acts are ascribed to the contemporaneous Judahite king, because done in his interests. He, therefore, in both phases appears as the corrector, restrainer and opponent of evil little kings and the instructor, encourager and supporter of the good little kings. But as the Board's special representative what he did executively he did in a sense as a representative of J.F.R., a Board member and its executive. Hence some things that J. did in Britain are ascribed to J.F.R. as one of Little Judah's kings. This is what should be expected of the uses that the Lord would make of him as the Epiphany messenger as teacher and executive, the first parts of his activities as such appearing in this picture. It is proper from the standpoint of Israel's kings to speak of the events of the first member of the little parallel as belonging to the little parallel, because its years as given in the chronologies of Israel's kings are fewer than those given for them in the large 2520 years' parallel, as was shown in the Dec., 1940, Present Truth. With these general remarks we are ready to take up the most instructive details of these little parallels.

 

As the large parallel was preceded by the evils of the Greek and Roman Catholic Churches, particularly those of the papacy, typed by the evils of Solomon as related in 1 Kings 11, so both in America and in Britain there were evils preceding the little parallel, as was shown in Chapter I, in the Little Gospel Age; for there was a misdevelopment in America of the little Roman Catholic Church with J.F.R. as the little pope, and in Britain of the little Greek Catholic Church, both typed by the evils of Solomon as described in 1 Kings 11, preceding the little parallel, which in its second member began, as suggested above, on Oct. 16, 1916. It will be noted that as the first member of this parallel began with the revolt of the northern, the ten-tribe kingdom, under Jeroboam I, from the united kingdom,

 

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leaving the latter a diminished kingdom, that of the south, so its second member began with the revolt of H.J.S., supported by the ten signatory elders, against what was the united kingdom of Truth people, leaving the latter with a diminished set of supporters. And as Jeroboam I committed various evils to make the separation all the more fixed, so did H.J.S. Moreover, informed by Bro. Russell of the evils of H.J.S. and his supporters, A.H.M. took a defiant stand toward H.J.S.'s movement and, like H.J.S., committed various evils between Oct. 16 and Nov. 1, 1916, but was by Bro. Russell's instructions restrained from wrecking matters by an open conflict with the H.J.S. movement, even as a prophet restrained Rehoboam from warring on Jeroboam I, for which he had made preparation. As a prophet from Judah testified against Jeroboam I and his idolatrous work, but was later deceived into disobedience and destroyed, so at Bro. Russell's suggestion J.H., as his representative, and thus a little Judahite prophet, testified against H.J.S.'s evils and resolution's idol, but was later prevailed upon in disobedience to enter a course of self-interest and misfellowship by his six supporting elders, and was destroyed as a mouthpiece of the Lord. And as Jeroboam I sent his wife to inquire of the prophet as to the survival of their sick son, so H.J.S. by the ten signatory elders sent word to Bro. Russell to inquire, if the resolution movement would survive; and just as the prophet declared that the child's death would take place when Jeroboam's wife would enter his house, so Bro. Russell declared the death of that movement when the answer would be brought back. The end of the 17 days' reign of A.H.M. came Nov. 1, 1916, on word coming to the Bethelites early Nov. 1 of Bro. Russell's death, which, of course, meant that A.H.M. could no more be the special representative and manager for Bro. Russell, now beyond the need of such an official.

 

The succession of W.E.V. occurred as follows: A.H.M., Nov. 1, 1916, called a meeting of the Board, attended

 

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also by some other prominent Bethelites, among whom was A.H.M.; and in this meeting A.H.M., ignoring the fact that A.I. Ritchie, the Society's vice president, should be given charge, very insistently urged that W.E.V., the Society's secretary and treasurer, be put in charge. The Board agreed to this. W.E.V., hearing from A.H.M. of the revolt in Britain, opposed it with arguments, to the refutation of H.J.S. and his supporters, even as Abijah thoroughly defeated Jeroboam I in battle. But his ascendancy was to be one of but three days, as Abijah reigned but three years. The transition of the ascendancy to J.F.R. occurred as follows: The latter had left Bethel Oct. 29 on a business trip to the Society's printer at Akron. J. having a pilgrim appointment at Oakland, Md., Oct. 30, and there being a very close brotherly friendship between J.F.R. and him, the former stopped over at Oakland to be with him a while, which they spent in intimate brotherly fellowship apart from the meetings. The next morning J.F.R. continued his trip to Akron and J. proceeded to Washington, D.C., for his pilgrim appointment there, Oct. 31, the day Bro. Russell died. J. served the Baltimore Ecclesia Nov. 1, much sadness marking the services because of the news of our beloved Pastor's death. Both J.F.R. and J. arrived at Bethel Nov. 2. J. had many a time told J.F.R. of typical matters yet to come to pass, which later came to pass as J. had told him, e.g., without telling him the type on which he based his thought, J., who based it on his understanding of Benaiah's acts (2 Sam. 23: 20-23), told him that he would be victorious in two debates, would defend Bro. Russell and the Church against slanders, and would without special preparation meet a worldling, perhaps a lawyer, and defeat him, taking his points away from him, and by them defeating him. The third of these came to pass in the Spring of 1915, through J.F.R.'s pamphlet on, A Battle in the Ecclesiastical Heavens. These fulfillments gave J.F.R. considerable confidence in J.'s

 

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understanding of prophecies and types. And in such confidence J.F.R., on his first seeing J., Nov. 2, at Bethel, called him aside, and then asked him the question, "Will Bro. Russell have a successor?" J. answered, "I do not know." Showing an inordinate interest in the subject, J.F.R. pressed the matter, asking J., "Do you not know of some prophetic or typical Scripture on the subject?" J. answered, "No; for I have never thought on the subject; but I will study it; if I find out anything, I will tell you."

 

J. awoke very early Nov. 3, the death of Bro. Russell pressing heavily upon his heart and mind. It must have been about 3 A.M. when he awoke, and could sleep no more that night. As he kept thinking of Bro. Russell's death, the thought occurred to him: "Bro. Russell did not give the penny that he and the brethren expected him to give!" Immediately the thought came to him, "Then, though that Servant, he could not be the steward of the parable, since the steward of the parable gave the penny. Here I have the answer to Bro. Rutherford's question: Bro. Russell is to have a successor, the steward referred to in the parable of the penny." All conversant with the pertinent facts will recall that Bro. Russell had believed for years that he was the steward of that parable, and had expected to give the penny; and yet he believed up to his death, and the rest of the leading brethren also believed, that he had not given the penny. With that belief, of course, the conclusion logically to draw from the parable was that he was not that parable's steward, and that he was to have a successor. It was this thought that moved J., in view of what is given in Chapters II-V, especially in Chapters III-V, to conclude in Feb., 1917, that he was that successor, which would have been logical, had Bro. Russell not given the penny. However, when he later came to see that Bro. Russell had given the penny in its twofold distribution, he gladly withdrew that thought and rejoiced in Bro. Russell's having had that privilege. Since the office of that Servant was intended

 

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for the Parousia work only, that office ceased with the completion of the Parousia work; there could, thereafter, have been no successor to that office, just as the apostolic office ceased with the completion of the apostolic work, and thereafter could have no successors therein. The office that the Lord gave J. was not a successorship of Bro. Russell's office; for the offices of the Parousia Messenger and of the Epiphany messenger are separate and distinct; for to the former belonged charge of all new creatures and the unbegotten consecrated as such during the Parousia, and to the latter belongs charge of the Great Company and the Youthful Worthies during the Epiphany, but as respects the Little Flock Bro. Russell not only had a charge to, but also of it, during the Parousia, while during the Epiphany J, has a charge to, but not of it.

 

Immediately after breakfast, Nov. 3, 1916, with the above-described thought that Bro. Russell had not given the penny, and hence was not the steward of the penny parable, and, accordingly, was to have a successor, J. approached J.F.R. in the Bethel dining room, whispering to him, "Do you recall your question on whether Bro. Russell was to have a successor and of my promise to study the question and to give you the answer, if I would get one?" On his answering, "Yes," J. told him that he had gotten an answer. Betraying extraordinary interest, J.F.R. said, "Come with me," and immediately walked rapidly out of the dining room, J. following on his heels, upstairs to his room, whose door, as soon as he and J. had entered, he closed and locked. Then turning to J., he asked what the answer was. J. reminded him of the thought that all the leading brethren, as well as Bro. Russell, had, that the latter as the steward of the parable was to have given the penny, but that he had died without giving it. To this J.F.R. replied, "That is so." Then J. said, "He, therefore, is to have a successor who will give the penny; for he, having died without giving it, was not the steward of the parable." Again J.F.R. replied, "That

 

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is so." Then he eagerly asked, "Who is to be the successor?" To this J. answered, "I do not know, but whoever he is, we may be sure that he is a brother full of deep humility and loving zeal, deeply versed in the Scriptures and trusted and loved by the Church." Then J. added, "We do not need to worry as to who he is. Whoever he is the Lord will bring him forward in due time, without any of our manipulations." Pausing a moment, J. added, "Let none of us seek to grasp that position; for woe unto him who seeks to 'set' himself in the Body of Christ."

 

In view of coming events and of the fact that without any real or seeming Scriptural ground J.F.R. was about to commit the greatest usurpation ever attempted among the Lord's people, to grasp the position of the penny parable's steward, doubtless our Lord put these precautionary words into J.'s mouth as a deterrent to J.F.R. from such power-grasping. And because J.F.R. heeded not the warning, he has been experiencing the woe that Jesus put into J.'s mouth to utter as a deterrent to him (Zech. 11: 15-17; Matt. 24: 48-51. Let the reader please mark the date of this conversation—Nov. 3, 1916. It was the day that W.E.V. finished his part as the little Abijah, and that J.F.R. began to fulfill his part as the little parallel of all the rest of Judah's kings! From that day onward for over two months he acted out the part of the chief member of the Executive Committee in the Society, and from Jan. 6, 1917, onward the part of the sole executive of the Society, to obtain which he plotted with certain associates to put it over on guileless brethren. He had made himself believe that he was the penny parable's steward, which accounts for his envious course toward J. as an alleged rival, and his publishing Vol. VII on his sole authority, without the Board's knowledge, as the penny, a picture of which he had printed on the dedicatorial page of the earlier editions. He fairly raved at J, for his believing that he was the steward, while under the impression of Bro. Russell's having

 

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died without giving the penny, because from certain Scriptures he knew that the Lord had given him charge of the priestly work that remained to be done, which proved to be supervising the work toward the Great Company and the Youthful Worthies, whereas J.F.R. encouraged C. Woodworth to preach and publish a tract to the effect that

J.F.R. was the steward. Yea, the latter even stooped to arrange to have J.'s thought brought up by a trick at the Bethel table, in order to disparage J. J.F.R. had in his pride concluded that he was the only one of the Truth people capable of managing and executing the work of the Society, and with this thought permeating him he did the self-pushing that made figureheads of the other two members of the Executive Committee from Nov. 3, 1916 until Jan. 6, 1917, and thereafter by trickery got the work of sole manager and executive in the work and business of the Society, he took advantage of the guilelessness of all concerned.

 

But we are not to think of him as altogether bad. We are to remember that as a crown-loser he had a double mind; and at first the better part of that mind worked mainly, a fact that his course as the little parallel of Asa and Jehoshaphat brings out. Apart from his making more or less figureheads of W.E.V. and A.I. Ritchie, his fellow Executive Committee men, his work on the executive committee was good; so, too, were his articles in the Tower, his arousing the brethren to the public work and his putting away evil from the Church and the headquarters (1 Kings 15: 9-13; 2 Chron. 14: 2-7; 15: 16-18). His preparing the Bethel leaders, etc., for the case whereby certain lawyers of the Brooklyn municipal department sought to put an unjust and large tax on the Society, and his successful fighting of that case had the Lord's support and approval unto the defeat of the chief opponent (2 Chron. 14: 8-15). The pilgrims encouraged him and the brethren unto love and good works; and he put away abominations and did constructive good (2 Chron. 15: 1-19); but he took the side of some

 

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of the radicals in Britain against H.J.S. and his supporters, and his partiality toward these radicals drew from J. a partial correction, which aroused some resentment in J.F.R.; there is also a parallel in his oppressing some of the Bethelites (1 Kings 15: 16-22; 2 Chron. 16: 1-10). These are the chief matters of the small parallel as to the little Asa, in which respect J.F.R. ceased to act predominantly Dec. 13. It should be remarked that the times of the kings' reigns signify the periods in which the qualities and acts of the respective phases were predominant, yet their ends do not mean the ends of the such activities, but of their predominance.

 

Dec. 13 was the day that he began to act out the Jehoshaphat phase in the little parallel, which he continued until Jan. 6, 1917. In this aspect, too, generally speaking, he did well, though toward its end, beginning Dec. 28, 1917, the evil part of his mind began to work, typed by Jehoshaphat taking his son Jehoram as his co-regent in his reign's 16th year, at the time that the latter began to negotiate with Ahab on their entering into an alliance to fight Ben-hadad of Syria. But more on this later. J.F.R. allowed certain sectarian work to go on during these 25 days, but removed evil-doers from their works (1 Kings 22: 4146; 2 Chron. 20: 31-34). He certainly encouraged the brethren to zeal and good work and to defend the Truth (2 Chron. 17: 1-6). He backed the pilgrim work vigorously (2 Chron. 17: 7-9), and subdued opponents (2 Chron. 17: 10, 11). J.F.R. always was more or less controversially inclined; and he encouraged the brethren, especially the pilgrims, to be the same (2 Chron. 17: 12-19). His taking the side of H.J.S. against radical brethren in Britain (1 Kings 22: 1-6; 2 Chron. 18: 1-5) met J.'s opposition (1 Kings 22: 7-28; 2 Chron. 18: 6-27), and resulted disastrously (1 Kings 22: 29-38; 2 Chron. 18: 28-34). For J.F.R.'s cooperating with H.J.S. in this matter J., Dec. 30, wrote him in disapproval, while praising him in other respects (2 Chron. 19: 1-3). But for the rest J.F.R. in this phase did well

 

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for the Church, restoring not a few erring ones, and through the pilgrims' service did much good, encouraging them to faithfulness in their ministry (2 Chron. 19: 4-11). He made another misadventure with H.J.S., for which J. again corrected him, but the miscarriage made him give up the adventure (1 Kings 22: 44, 48, 49; 2 Chron. 20: 35-37). In J. he made an attempt with H.J.S. against the autocracy of W.C., which resulted in the latter's defeat, but in no permanent good results (2 Kings 1: 1; 3: 4-27). His ascendancy in the Jehoshaphat phase came to an end Jan. 6, 1917 (1 Kings 22: 45, 50; 2 Chron. 20: 34; 21: 1-3). Almost in all ways the 25 days of his Jehoshaphat phase were praiseworthily engaged. The unpraiseworthy things of this period belong to the co-regent phase of Jehoram.

 

To help to clearness it should here be again remarked that what J. did in a teaching, correcting, etc., capacity is typed by the teachings, corrections, etc., of the prophets who appear in the records, and that what he did executively as the Board's special representative in Britain comes under the acts of J.F.R. as a Board member and its executive, in his capacity of the kings of Little Judah. We will now leave the kings of Little Judah for a while and return to those of Little Israel. Above we gave the main acts of H.J.S. as the little Jeroboam I, extending from Oct. 16 to Nov. 6, 1916. On Nov. 6 and 7 the confirmation of the news of Bro. Russell's death made him all the more wilful to carry through to a completion his plans as to the London Tabernacle arrangements (1 Kings 15: 25-31 [Nadab, wilful]). He was then engaged in fighting divisional movements in London, but decided that he must squelch his wilfulness and let courage come to the fore in his course (Baasha, courageous) on controlling the British work; and in this he acted out for 24 days (Nov. 7-30, 1916) the Baasha phase of the little parallel. In this phase he exhibited the clericalistic and sectarian spirit, just as he had been doing since Oct. 16 in the Jeroboam and Nadab phases (1 Kings 15: 33, 34).

 

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It was during this Baasha phase that J., Nov. 21, presented his credentials to the British managers, received from them, Nov. 23, the correspondence on the Tabernacle affair, thoroughly examined them thereon Nov. 25, took away from them their points, and constructed for the Society, and thus for J.F.R., a power and a sphere of investigation there (1 Kings 15: 17-22; 2 Chron. 16: 1-6). J., Nov. 30, quite cautiously rebuked H.J.S. and W.C. and the other nine signatory elders for their Tabernacle course, telling H.J.S. that his Tabernacle plans seemed unacceptable (1 Kings 16: 1-7). On Nov. 30 and Dec. 1 H.J.S. entered the Elah phase, and on those days he heard part of J.'s decision against his Tabernacle resolution as a presbyterian scheme, and this caused H.J.S. to give up his pertinent general plan as futile (1Kings 16: 8-14). He then sought for a few minutes, Dec. 1, to induce J. to make some small concession for the elders, which J. refusing to do, he with W.C.'s cooperation entered into a plan to challenge J.'s authority, which put him into the Omri phase, Dec. 1-12, which was an evil one.

 

From here on we will for several Bible chapters at the introduction of each phase cite as a whole the Scriptures that apply to it, and then, without specific Bible references, will point out the main features in both members of the parallel for each phase, leaving it to the reader to connect the specific verses with our applications, just as we did above as to Rehoboam's and Jeroboam's acts in relation to those of the little Rehoboam and Jeroboam. H.J.S., after finding out J.'s opposition to the eleven elders' resolution, in the first half of the Omri phase (1 Kings 16: 21-28) vacillated on the matter of what his attitude toward J. should be, but in the second half, at W.C.'s insistence, decided to challenge in executive matters J.'s authority. This he did by deciding to reject J.'s revisions of the Manchester Convention program, and, Dec. 12, mailed to J. a letter to that effect, and thus by these two attitudes he fulfilled in the little parallel the two ruling