Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing (epiphany) of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;  Titus 2:13

163

of 3,960 years. That feature of the suggestion failed to materialize. Therefore it was a mistake, which, however, is easy of explanation in the following way

 

(29) If we look carefully at the words of the question in Genesis 15: 8, we will notice that they do not state that the time of his inheriting the land was inquired for by Abraham; but his query was concerning the thing whereby he might know that he would inherit it, an inheritance which Abraham knew would not be his before his death. What does Jehovah give as a basis for the assurance that Abraham and all like him would inherit the land? Our answer is, the sacrifice of Jesus and the Church, who as the chief Seed of Abraham are to give the inheritance of the land to the heirs of the earthly promise (Heb. 9: 14, 15). Therefore, when the last member of The Christ would be found and placed upon the altar of sacrifice, and prove that sacrifice as genuinely offered by leaving symbolic Egypt in the symbolic fourth generation—i.e., (1) Patriarchial Age, (2) Jewish Age, (3) Gospel Age, (4) Millennial Age, in which we have been since 1874, as indicated in vs. 13-16— then the basis of the assurance would be complete; for the Seed would be produced that would give the heirs the land. Accordingly, this passage proves that on Passover Day, i.e., April, 18, 1916—the last member of The Christ demonstrated that his humanity was being sacrificed by his leaving symbolic Egypt, i.e., by his having enough of Truth (sealed in the forehead) to sever himself from this present evil world as it is represented in the nominal church.

 

(30) Volume VII suggests that we must begin this period of 3,960 years ten years later than the Covenant, because the account of the sacrifice is given a few verses before the statement is, made (Gen. 16: 3) that ten years after the Covenant Abraham took Hagar as his wife. Our answer is that we cannot prove the event of Genesis 16: 3 and that of Genesis 15: 7-21 to

 

164

be of the same date; and that therefore we cannot begin to count the time from an event whose date is not known. Doubtless the time of giving the Covenant is the proper one with which to begin to date the 3,960 years, as suggested in the letter in the 1907 Tower.

 

(31) A little further thought will make this manifest; for it will be noticed that three animals and two birds were used for sacrifices by Abraham (Gen. 15: 9). They seem to represent the five classes that would be more or less separated to the Lord from the time of the Covenant—2045 B.C.—until the last one of the Little Flock would be sealed in the forehead. The heifer (T 105-112) seems to represent the Ancient Worthies and Youthful Worthies (these two classes are sometimes coupled together as one class in some types, e.g., Elisha, etc.); the she goat, the Great Company; the ram, The Christ; the turtle dove, those of fleshly Israel who have measurably held to the promises and to Moses; and the pigeon, those of the tentatively justified who have remained loyal to the Ransom and to Righteousness. The cleaving of the animals seems to represent the entire consecration and death ("a good report through faith") of the classes typed by them; and the birds left undivided seem to suggest the incomplete consecration (not "a good report through faith") of fleshly Israel and the tentatively justified. The sign given to Abraham in the transaction, while concentrated in the sacrifice of the entire Christ—the highest class of sufferers for righteousness— included all of the classes of Abraham's Seed that have suffered more or less because of their faith in some or in all of the promises made to Abraham. Thus the Seed of Abraham—especially the complete Christ, suffering for righteousness—is that whereby God gives the assurance that Abraham will inherit the land. And the time feature in this our sixteenth argument proves that the forehead-sealing of the Elect, the reaping, was finished at the Passover

 

165

of 1916. Therefore and henceforth it is certain that Abraham will receive the land.

 

(32) On the basis of the foregoing 16 reasons we conclude that we have a firm foundation for our faith that the reaping is done, that the Elect have already been sealed in the forehead. That none of the Little Flock during Brother Russell's days could see this is neither to his nor to their disparagement, God wisely hiding this fact from him and them in order to test his people more thoroughly, and to effect more easily their separation into their various classes. Such concealment of this fact was also made by the Lord in order to make it possible, in harmony with His will, for the Great Company, as such—therefore after their separation from the Little Flock—to be the first ones among His people to announce the completion of Spirit-begetting for high calling purposes (Rev. 16: 17). It is also in thorough harmony with, and a natural sequence of, the thought that the saints' forehead-sealing was completed April 18, 1916, that shortly following that time both in America and Britain, trouble broke out among the leaders of the three groups of the antitypical Levites (antitypical Kohathites, Merarites and Gershonites) on account of their antagonistic ambitions, effecting against the opposing ambitions of these groups the steadfast opposition of the Little Flock— first in its leaders, then in the others, as their eyes were opened to see the conditions.

 

(33) II. Having seen that the reaping, including the gleaning, was finished in the Spring of 1916 we now proceed to prove that the reaping began October, 1874, as our dear Pastor taught to the end of his life; for while in Z. 1916, pp. 263-265, he taught that the reaping was not yet over and might last three years, he nevertheless taught in that article (p. 264, col. 1, last par.) that the reaping began in 1874.

 

(34) The first argument that we offer on this subject is Daniel's 1,335 days (Dan. 12: 12), which, as

 

166

we know, ended in October, 1874. From that time onward the sickle of Truth, according to this passage, blessed with most heart-cheering enlightenment the faithful, as it reaped them. Previous to that time our dear Pastor had learned to understand the Ransom, Restitution and the Object of our Lord's Return. In September of that year he learned to understand the Manner of our Lord's Return, and with these doctrines and others as a sickle he began immediately an active campaign on these subjects, among other ways circulating these thoughts in the first Harvest publication, "The Object and Manner of our Lord's Return" (Z. 1916, p. 171, col. 1, pars. 1-3). Hence Daniel's 1,335 days and their fulfilled facts prove that the reaping began in October, 1874.

 

(35) Elijah's second awakening and second meal (1 Kings 19: 5-8) likewise prove that the reaping began in 1874. The first awakening and meal of the antitypical Elijah began in 1829; his second falling asleep began just after the disappointment of 1844; and his second awakening and meal began in 1874 (Matt. 25: 1-6). The first part of the second meal in part consisted of the truths mentioned in the preceding paragraph. The 40 days of journeying represent the 40 years of reaping (Z. 1908, top of page 223), which ended 1914, and were followed by a gleaning period of 19 months. The facts mentioned in the preceding paragraph prove the date 1874 as the beginning of the reaping work, from the standpoint of antitypical Elijah's second awakening and meal.

 

(36) The 40 days of spying out the land (Num. 13: 1-25) seem to give the same thought. These 40 days of spying the land represent, among other things, the 40 years (1874- 1914) during which Little Flock leaders were especially searching out their prospective inheritance as revealed in the Parousia-disclosed truths. As pointed out above, this started with the reaping in 1874.

 

167

(37) The Day of the Parable of the Penny teaches the same thought. This we set forth with much elaboration in the preceding chapter, and refer our readers to it for details.

 

(38) The account of the Crowned Reaper and of His work (Rev. 14: 14-16) proves that the reaping began in 1874. The golden crown as a symbol represents Divine Authority as King (Z. 1911, p. 120, col. 1, par. 3). Jesus received this authority before His Second Advent (Ps. 45: 3, 4). The sharp sickle is the Parousia Truth. The reason why the "One like unto a Son of man" is asked to reap is: "Because the hour [the first 41⅔ years of the 1,000 years] to reap is come." In God's Harvests reaping time implies the doing of the reaping work. This hour, beginning with the 1,000-year Day, set in October, 1874; hence the reaping then began; because God is punctual. When His time to do a thing comes He does it, and does not procrastinate (Hab. 2: 3). This answers J. F. R.'s claim that the Harvest time, but not the Harvest work began in 1874. The cry of the angel—"Thrust in thy sickle and reap"—represents the prayers of the Lord's people for Him to send forth and prosper what proved to be Parousia truths, and this began before the first presentations of these truths. The thrusting in of the sickle began, as shown above, in the Fall of 1874; hence the reaping began in that year. A caution should be here given: let us not confound the possession of the crown, Divine authority as a King, with the exercise of such kingly authority. Jesus possessed this authority before His Second Advent (Ps. 45: 3, 4) and while in possession of this authority, began in 1874 to reap, three and one-half years before He began to exercise such kingly authority, in casting off Babylon and in awakening the sleeping saints April, 1878 (Is. 52: 7).

 

(39) The Parallel Harvests are another proof that the reaping began in 1874. The arguments are unanswerable that our dear Pastor gives us in the "Studies"

 

168

and in the "Towers," and that Brothers John and Morton Edgar give us in the "Pyramid Passages"—that the Harvest Parallels refer to grace as well as to wrath, to the real Israels as well as to the nominal Israels. Hence, if we can prove that the reaping of the Jewish Harvest began 29 A.D. and progressed for over 3½ years before Pentecost of 33 A.D., it would follow that the reaping of the Gospel Harvest began in 1874 and progressed for some years before Pentecost, 1878.

 

(40) Jesus as the first grain of wheat was reaped in the Fall of 29 A.D. In order to overcome the force of this argument J. F. R. at Bethel in 1917 and later in a "Tower" article denied that Jesus was a grain of wheat, claiming that a grain of wheat must be a fallen member of our race. Jesus disagrees with this claim and definition on this point; because He called Himself a grain of wheat (John 12: 24). A ripe grain of wheat is a character fitted for the Harvest Truth in the reaping time. Such Jesus was; and Jehovah reaped Him October, 29 A.D.

 

(41) The 12 and the 70 were reaped some considerable time before they were sent forth as messengers of the Gospel to reap others (Matt. 4: 18-22; 9: 9; John 1: 35-51; Matt. 9: 37—10: 7; Luke 10: 1-9).

 

(42) Many other Israelites were reaped during our Lord's ministry, of whom over 500 remained steadfast, despite the sore sifting incidental to His last earthly experiences (Luke 6: 13; 1 Cor. 15: 6).

 

(43) Express passages show in so many words that Jesus and His disciples did a reaping work (Matt. 9: 35—10: 7; Luke 9: 1-6; 10: 1-9; Mark 3: 13-19).

 

(44) John the Baptist, using the figure of the Bridegroom, Bride and the Friend of the Bridegroom, and showing that he was seeking and winning some for Jesus' Bride, did a work which under another figure is called a reaping work (John 3: 29, 30).

 

(45) Jesus' statement in John 4: 34-38, uttered

 

169

about seven months after His baptism, expressly says that not only were they in the Harvest time, but that the disciples had already done some reaping: "I have sent you to reap that whereon ye bestowed no labor; other men have labored, and ye are [have] entered into their labors." This passage also refutes J. F. R's. view that while 29 A.D. began the Harvest time, Harvest work, reaping, did not begin until Pentecost, 33 A.D.

 

(46) Before Pentecost, when garnering, the last Harvest process, began, the six preceding Harvest processes, whose first one is reaping, had been in operation. Passages previously quoted prove that reaping work, the first of the seven Harvest processes, was done from the beginning of our Lord's ministry; and Luke 22: 31 shows that Peter was sifted; while the final accounts of our Lord's career imply that all of the Apostles and many others were sifted before Pentecost. Sifting is the sixth Harvest process; hence the intervening processes were in operation before our Lord's betrayal. The fact that the last Harvest process, garnering, began to operate at Pentecost (Z. 1916, p. 264, col. 2, par. 2), proves that the other Harvest processes operated before Pentecost, and that the first of these, reaping, must have begun a considerable time before Pentecost, even, as we have proved, in 29 A.D.

 

(47) Hence, as proven by the seven arguments just given, reaping having been in operation for over 3½ years before Pentecost, 33. A.D., it follows from the Parallel Harvest that reaping was in operation from October, 1874, to April, 1878.

 

(48) Facts abundantly prove that reaping was going on from October, 1874, to April, 1878. The reaping process implies two things: (1) that the sickle of Harvest Truth be wielded: (2) that it cut down the stalks of grain, i.e., separate them from their places of growth. (1) During the time in question the following Harvest truths were proclaimed in conversations, lectures

 

170

and Bible studies: "The Mortality of the Soul"; "Death, not Eternal Torment, as the Penalty of Sin"; "The Ransom"; "Restitution"; "The Time, Manner and Object of our Lord's Return"; "The Election of the Church"; "The Millennial Reign of Christ"; "Future Probation"; "The Permanence of the Earth," etc., etc. In addition to the oral proclamation of these truths during those years, the following publications at that time carried these same truths to many by the printed page: The booklets, "The Object and Manner of our Lord's Return," by our Pastor; and "The Three Worlds," by Brother Barbour; and the Monthly periodical, "The Herald of the Morning," edited by Bros. Barbour, Russell and Paton. (2) As a result of this propaganda hundreds of brethren were won by these truths and severed themselves from Babylon. Thus grains of wheat were separated from the stalks on which they grew by the sickle of Truth, i.e., reaping was in operation from 1874 onward.

 

(49) Again the fact that there were a number of classes of Truth people formed during those years proves that the second process of the Harvest work was in operation, i.e., sheaving. There was a class at Allegheny, Pa.; another at Rochester, N.Y., a third at Almont, Mich.; a fourth at Dansville, N.Y.; elsewhere there were smaller groups of brethren.

 

(50) Furthermore, the fact that, as the sixth Harvest process, the first sifting of the Gospel Harvest began at the Passover, 1878, paralleling the sifting connected with our Lord's death, proves that before the Pentecost of 1878 six of the Harvest processes had been in operation, and that, therefore, the Gospel Harvest began some considerable time before 1878. Thus the facts prove that the reaping began in 1874.

 

(51) On the point that the reaping began in 1874 other than the above seven arguments could be given, e.g., the floor-line measurement of the Grand Gallery in the Great Pyramid, terminating with 1914,

 

171

proves that the 40 years' Harvest work began in 1874; but we believe that a sufficient number has been given to prove our second test. Considering this proposition proven, we now proceed to our third proposition.

 

(52) III. Our Pastor never taught that the reaping began in April, 1878, and would end in April, 1918. It is claimed by J. F. R. and his supporters and by Carl Olson and his supporters that our Pastor taught that the reaping began April, 1878, and ended April, 1918. This we deny. The article on which they base their claim (Z. 1916, pp. 263-265) does not state these thoughts, which it has been so gratuitously assumed to do. We suggest to our dear brethren that they read and reread and, if necessary, again reread it, and see for themselves that it does not so teach. The most careful study of the article fails to reveal, as taught therein, these dates as the beginning and the ending of the reaping work. Will these brethren kindly tell us where the article gives these as the dates of the reaping?

 

(53) Not only does that article not teach April, 1878, and April, 1918, as the dates for the beginning and ending of the reaping, but nothing in it implies these dates as such beginning and ending. There are two statements in the article from which J. F. R. and others have inferred the dates, but quite erroneously. One of these statements is to the effect (p. 264, col. 2, pars. 2, 6) that the end of the wrath on Israel was April, 73, and that the parallel of this date was April, 1918. This statement is true, but does not refer at all to the reaping; rather it refers to the burning of the chaff; and of course completing the burning of the chaff in Fleshly Israel cannot be paralleled with completing the reaping of the wheat in Spiritual Israel. People who blunder into such an inference are not safe guides. They surely will lead others into the ditch! The second statement from  which the inference was drawn that April, 1878, and

 

172

April, 1918, respectively witnessed the beginning and ending of the reaping, is that made on there being no garner until Pentecost, 33 A.D. (p. 264, col. 2, par. 1). The reasoning that produced this inference is the following: Since there was no garner until Pentecost, 33 A.D., there was therefore no reaping until then! hence there was no reaping until Pentecost, 1878, the parallel time in the Gospel Harvest; and since the Gospel reaping lasts 40 years, the reaping must have ended in 1918! What poor reasoning! In it the reaping process is confounded with the garnering process, whereas in both nature and grace reaping is the first and garnering is the seventh and last process of the Harvest. The proper inference to draw from the fact that the garnering began Pentecost of 33 is this: that the other six Harvest processes, whose first is reaping, began before Pentecost of 33, and that reaping, the first of these processes, must have begun considerably before Pentecost of 33. This is in harmony with October, 29, as the proper date, even as we proved above. Thus the very point on which they mainly base their contention completely disproves their view!

 

(54) The above-mentioned "Tower" article by our Pastor denies the fixing of 1918, or any other date, as the time for the end of reaping the Gospel Harvest. This denial is  clearly stated (p. 263, last par.) as follows: "We are not fixing the time, for we know of no time feature applicable before us—even as Elijah and Elisha were not sent to any definite place after reaching Jordan." Had J. F. R., C.J. Woodworth and C. Olson maintained the holy reserve of our dear Pastor, they would not have been guilty of misleading many brethren on this point and on others. Menta Sturgeon in print tells us that just after our Pastor's death he vowed to be as faithful to him in his death as he was in his life. He knows and has repeatedly said that after the article; "The Harvest is not Ended," appeared our Pastor in response to repeated

 

173

questions at conventions positively asserted that he fixed no date for the end of the reaping, a thing that we and many others also heard our Pastor say at several conventions that late Summer and early Fall. In view of these facts we desire to ask Menta Sturgeon how can he harmonize with his vow his endorsement of C. Olson's book, which sets aside our Pastor's teaching, not only on this subject, but also on multitudes of others? [Written in October, 1919.]

 

(55) In fixing this date, 1918, the Society leaders caused much disappointment to thousands of the brethren; and their and others' fixing wrong dates, we are satisfied, will produce further disappointments.

 

(56) Statements in "Pastor Russell's Sermons" (pp. 287, par. 1, and 289, par. 3) are cited by not a few as a proof that our dear Pastor taught that the reaping began in 1878 and ended in 1918. We reply that in the book of sermons printed late in 1917 by the Society these dates will be found on the pages cited above; but not in the sermon as our dear Pastor published it. The sermon in question was first published in 1908, and correctly gave the dates 1874 and 1914 as the beginning and end of the Harvest. Our Pastor never changed those dates in that sermon. They were changed after his death, seemingly to palm off as his certain time features that he never taught, thereby misleading many, even as was done by the interpolated verse, 1 John 5: 7. The one responsible for this change has much to answer for. Such a course cannot but arouse distrust that other misleading changes have been made, or may yet be made, in his writings. In the Lord's name we serve these Levites notice to refrain from further presumption and fraud in tampering with the priestly writings of "that Servant." They are not qualified for the work of correcting them, and do it at their peril

(Lev. 10: 1, 2)!

 

(57) It is not our claim that our dear Pastor did not give up the date 1914 as the end of the reaping work;

 

174

for the article above referred to proves that he did so do, though neither in that article nor in any other, nor by word of mouth, would he fix another date for the end of the reaping work. The question arises, how did he come to think that he had been in error on the subject? The article itself shows (p. 263, col. 2, par. 4) that there seemed to him to be too many people won for the Truth from October, 1914, onward, to be the product of a gleaning work. It is certain that goodly numbers of people came into the Truth during that time; but may this not be accounted for in harmony with the thought of a gleaning work going on at that time? We think it may. Of course, none of us know definitely how many are required to constitute the gleanings of the Gospel Harvest, though the number would hardly be considerable, by no means so many as our dear Pastor saw coming into the Truth at that time. Hence his doubts; and if all that came into the Truth at that time were members of the Little Flock, we would have to draw the conclusion that he drew, i.e., that it must have been as a result of a reaping and not of a gleaning work. But there is good Biblical evidence for believing that at that time large numbers of the Great Company were leaving the, nominal church and coming into the Truth. Lot leaving Sodom before the destruction of the city began types how a section of the Great Company would leave the nominal church and come into the Truth, before the destruction of Christendom in its successive parts would begin. The destruction of Christendom began with the war; hence before the war began to involve a country, a section of the Great Company in that country would leave the nominal church, and come into the Truth. Thus, for instance, for some time before America became involved in the war, a very considerable number of the Great Company left the nominal church here and came into the Truth. These large numbers made our Pastor doubt that they were the products of a

 

175

gleaning work. But if we keep in mind the fact that the antitypical Lot is no part of the Little Flock gleanings, we will have no difficulty in harmonizing the facts of those times with the facts clearly proven by our Pastor—that the 40 years' reaping began in 1874 and ended in 1914, and  that the rest of the Little Flock members coming into the Truth thereafter were the gleanings of the Gospel Harvest.

 

(58) In the Lord's Providence, at Bethel in 1917 we were by several brethren (at present Society adherents) who were witnesses and in part actors in the events, apprised of how our dear Pastor came to make some of the changes suggested in Z. 1916, pp. 263-265. We herewith submit the facts. He had for some time been troubled by the fact that more people were coming into the Truth than a gleaning work alone would warrant. While in this state of mind he wrote an article on the subject, for publication in "The Tower," but before it was sent to the printer, a brother, who now stands with the Society, asked our Pastor during a meal in Bethel dining room the question: "Does not the fact that the reaping was done by the Crowned Reaper (Rev. 14: 14-16) prove that the reaping began after our Lord began to exercise kingly authority in 1878?" The brother in his question confounded the possession of Divine Authority as a King with the exercise of such kingly Authority. Our Lord had such authority before His Return in 1874 (Ps. 45: 3, 4), though the first exercise of it occurred in 1878. This brother further urged that his thought was corroborated by the time of the awakening of the sleeping saints (Rev. 14: 13), which is described just before the reaping is described. But he overlooked the fact that the visions in Revelation do not always follow one another chronologically. While our Pastor did not endorse the brother's thought, it increased his doubts as to the reaping ending in 1914; and going to his study after the meal he dictated several paragraphs which he

 

176

had inserted into the aforementioned article. These paragraphs added several changes to those already in the article. This was late in the summer of 1916. Our Pastor was a dying man and with his many burdens could not give the subject his former strength and clearness of thought. Hence he published an article that contradicted his unanswerable arguments given in the "Studies" and "The Towers." Scriptures, Reason and Facts prove his former presentations to be correct. Hence we accept them rather than this later one. Surely, under the circumstances no lover of his will hold it against him, if, while dying and burdened by superhuman tasks, he gave us a less logical explanation than when in his full vigor! Yea, the very act itself shows his great humility, and increases our love for him! We thank God for every remembrance of him, and daily pray our Father to bless his memory! O that the brethren would prize his teachings more!

 

(59) Why did the Lord permit our Pastor to suggest that he had erred in teaching that 1914 was the end of the reaping? Subsequent events suggest a satisfactory answer: The next great event before the Lord's people was to be the separation of the Little Flock from the Great Company. This implied one of the sorest trials in the experience of the Little Flock, and the operation of the strongest delusion ever let loose among God's people; for, in view of their retaining the Holy Spirit, to bewilder many of the Little Flock and to delude the Great Company, required a frenzy of delusion by far more subtle than any of the frenzies of delusion by which the Second Death class, with its loss of the Holy Spirit, had been deceived and separated from the Church previously; and we know that the 1918 date for the end of the Harvest (yea, they even claimed it as the date when the last member of the Body would leave the earth), a date given for neither event by our Pastor, was a part of the strong delusion, and as such contributed to bewilder not a

 

177

few of the Faithful, and thoroughly to deceive the bulk of the Great Company. The Lord knew that the Society leaders, as teachers of "perverse things," would twist the article, "The Harvest is Not Ended," into teaching what it does not teach, and thus use it to blind their credulous followers into "The Big Drive," which proved to be Jordan's second smiting. Knowing that it would serve His purposes with respect to both classes of His people, the Lord permitted our dear Pastor, while slowly dying, to write that he had been in error as to the date of the reaping's end; and the Society leaders, twisting the change into another meaning worked this and others of their "perverse things" overtime unto the deception of many. "He hath done all things well" (Mark 7: 37).

 

"O the depths of the riches, both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable [to those lacking meekness] are His judgments, and His ways past finding out! … For of Him, and through Him and to Him are all things, to Whom be glory forever! Amen" (Rom. 11: 33, 36).

 

(60) We desire to assure all of the brethren, whether adherents or non-adherents of the Society, that they have our heart's sincere love. The motive prompting our exposures of their errors is love for the Lord, the Truth and the Brethren. It is this love that prompts us to send The Present Truth to as many of the dear ones as we can locate. We would gladly send them to the others, but lack their addresses. We are assured that not a few have been helped. We sympathize with any who may have been displeased. Our faith is that in due time these will also recognize and appreciate our efforts on their behalf. And in the meantime we pray for all of the Lord's dear people the richest blessings that they are capable of receiving. The Lord grant these for Jesus' sake!

 

(1) In how many, and in what senses is the word

 

178

Harvest used? What acts are implied in the wide, and what act is implied in the narrow sense of the word?

(2) In how many and in what senses is the word reaping used? What acts are implied in the wide, and what act is implied in the narrow sense of the word?

(3) What two terms relating to the final features of the Little Flock's work selfward are synonymous?

(4) How many sealings are there? How do they differ?

(5) What is not, and what is the purpose of this study? When was the time of the forehead sealing not, and when was it due to be understood? Why was it not made known to "that Servant"? Why was it not, and why was it made clear to another?

(6) Under what three heads is the Time of Reaping presented in this chapter?

(7) What three things are implied with respect to the last Spirit-begotten and forehead-sealed saint? After the last member of The Christ is reaped what kind of work cannot, and what kind can for some years be done?

(8) To what kind of work does John 9: 4 refer? And to what kind can it not refer? Why not? Explain Scriptures that prove these thoughts.

(9) What is meant by the "night" of John 9: 4? When and with what did it start? How did it envelop each country? What conclusions are to be drawn from its presence everywhere?

(10) Explain each symbolic term in Rev. 7: 1-3.

(11) What had to precede the symbolic wind of Rev. 7: 1? What does this not, and what does it mean? Give illustrations explaining this. What language nation did not declaratively enter the World War? How was it involved? What two conclusions follow from these considerations?

(12) How does Ps. 149: 5-9 prove that the reaping was completed before the Fall of 1916?

(13) How does the first smiting of Jordan prove that the forehead sealing was finished before the Fall of 1916?

(14) How does the High Priest's twofold dealing with Azazel's Goat prove this?

(15) How does the separation of Elijah and Elisha prove this?

 

179

(16) How does the twofold distribution of the Penny prove this?

(17) How does our Pastor's mission prove this?

(18) What is a wide-spread view as to the meaning of the inkhorn man?

(19) Give three reasons for understanding him to represent a class. How and when did "that Servant" as the leader in the inkhorn man begin to report the sealing of the Elect? What does this prove as to the time of such sealing?

(20) How does Rev. 16: 17 prove that the forehead sealing of the Elect was completed before Passover, 1918?

(21) How does Rev. 19: 1, 2 prove that the forehead sealing of the Elect was completed some time before the Fall of 1917?

(22) Explain, type and antitype, Gideon's work with the Israelites up to the first battle.

(23) Explain, type and antitype, Gideon's two battles. How do these prove the completion of the forehead sealing before the Fall of 1916? Explain, type and antitype, the battle occurring between Gideon's two battles.

(24) How does Num. 7: 1-9, type and antitype, prove the completion of the reaping before the Fall of 1916?

(25) How does Ezek. 44: 1, 2, symbol and reality, prove the completion of the reaping before the Fall of 1916?

(26) Describe the day and the hour of Matt. 24: 36; 26: 13. Why are these things true? How long was each hour of the day? When did the first hour begin and end? Why? Why was this hour the reaping and gleaning period? Before what date, accordingly, must the forehead-sealing have been complete?

(27) What date for the completion of the forehead sealing is indicated in Gen. 15: 7-21? Explain in detail how this passage gives us the date April 18, 1916, for the completion of the gleaning work.

(28) What mistaken suggestion was made as to what would occur April 18, 1916?

(29) What was not, and what was the query of Abraham? What pantomime answer did Jehovah give? What typical answer did He give? What truth do we derive from the answers?

(30) What suggestion does Vol. VII make as the date

 

180

for the beginning of the 3,960 years? What unprovable assumption does it make for so beginning the years?

(31) With what date should these years begin? Why? What classes are represented by the five sacrifices? What is represented by cleaving the animals and not cleaving the birds? What is the general and the special sign that God gave for the inheritance of the land? And what does the time feature prove?

(32) What conclusion should we draw from the 16 reasons given above? What is no argument against this conclusion? What further two facts corroborate this conclusion?

(33) When did the reaping begin? How long did "that Servant" teach this?

(34) What argument does Daniel give on this point? What facts are in harmony with Daniel's prophecy?

(35) Explain, type and antitype, 1 Kings 19: 5-8. Show how it proves 1874 as the beginning of the reaping.

(36) How does the spying out of the land prove this?

(37) How does the Penny Parable's Day prove this?

(38) How does Rev. 14: 14-16, symbol and reality, prove the same thing? What caution is to be observed respecting the symbol of the crown? Why?

(39) What do the Parallel Dispensations prove as to the date 1874? To what things and periods do they refer?

(40) Who was the first grain of wheat? Why? What follows from this fact as to the beginning of the Jewish Harvest?

(41) What does the call of the 12 and of the 70 prove as to the time of the beginning of the Jewish Harvest? Note and explain the pertinent Scriptures in their details.

(42) Scripturally and factually point out the reaping work prior to our Lord's death.

(43) Read and explain four Scriptures that point out a reaping work between Oct., 29 and April, 33 A.D.

(44) How does John 3: 29, 30 prove the same thought?

(45) How does John 4: 34-38 prove the same thing?

(46) How do the operation of six Harvest processes before Pentecost prove the same thing?

(47) What follows from the above considerations?

(48) What two detailed sets of facts prove that the reaping began 1874?

 

181

(49) What facts prove that sheaving was in operation several years before 1878?

(50) When did the first sifting of the Gospel Harvest begin? What does this prove as to the time of reaping?

(51) What other corroborative argument may be given for the reaping?

(52) What unfounded claim is made for 1878? Why is this an unfounded claim?

(53) What is not implied in Z. 1916, pp. 263-265? From what two statements have the two false dates been inferred? How are the inferences to be refuted? What are the proper inferences to be drawn from the fact that there was no garner until Pentecost, 33?

(54) How does Z. 1916, p. 263, last paragraph, disprove the claim that it teaches 1918 to be the end of the reaping? How have those who have perverted this article acted toward "that Servant"?

(55) What has resulted from fixing the date 1918? What will result from fixing other wrong dates?

(56) What glaring interpolation was made to make our Pastor appear to teach what is a false period for the reaping? What are the character and results of such an act?

(57) Who gave up the date 1914 as the end of the reaping? Why? How may we harmonize the facts that perplexed him with his proven dates as to the reaping?

(58) What are the facts connected with our Pastor's change of mind as to the reaping ending in 1914? What was his physical condition at that time? Which view of his is the correct one? How should we feel toward him in view of all the circumstances?

(59) Why did the Lord permit him to give up the right date? How and why did this change contribute to the Lord's purpose? How should we feel toward the Lord for His part in this matter?

(60) What motive has prompted the discussion of Society conditions and teaching? For what may we hope and pray for all concerned?

 

182

 

Reaping all day were the virgins fair,

Patiently toiling in faith and pray'r,

Seeking the wheat from the dawn till night,

Jewels to shine in the morning light.

O! rich will the harvest be,

O! rich will the harvest be.

 

Reaping all day, though their foes were nigh,

Saving the wheat that it should not die,

Gath'ring the jewels bright and fair,

Sorting them out with tender care.

O! grand will the harvest be,

O! grand will the harvest be.

 

Reaping from seed that was sown in tears,

Gath'ring the fruit of laborious years,

Looking in hope for the harvest home,

Reapers and sowers together come.

O! sweet will the meeting be,

O! sweet will the meeting be.

 

Reaped from the garden, or reaped from the rock,

Reaped from the wayside, the wheat from the stalk.

Gathered from wealth or from poverty,

Grand and blest will the harvest be,

When Sowers and Reapers together come,

When Sowers and Reapers together come.